John Baptist Maino
1568 or 1581 - 1February 1649

A brief biography.

The painter Juan Bautista Maino (or Mayno) was born(1568 of 1581) somewhere Milan way, the son of a Milanese father and Portuguese mother.
When he with his parents moved from Milan to Pastrana (Guadalajara), Spain, is unknown. The city is notable as the site of the imprisonment of the one-eyed Princess of Éboli by Philip II of Spain after a court scandal in 1573, and also as the home of several Flemish tapestries depicting the attack of Alfonso V of Portugal on Morocco in 1470. Maino's mother was in the service of the princess of Eboli.
There is a tradition that Maino was a pupil of El Greco in Toledo, but there is no suggestion of this in Maino's clear and firm style, which was formed in Italy c. 1600-10. Knowledge of Maino's stay in Italy is based on the brief mention of a seventeenth-century writer, who refers to him as a disciple of Annibale Carracci and friend of Guido Reni, which, if accurate, would date his Romen sojourn to the first five or six years of the century.

Around 1608 or 1609, Maino had returned to his native town, where he painted a Trinity for a lateral altar in the church of the Franciscan Nuns of Concepcionistas, a work that lends credibility to his putative friendship with Guido Reni.

By March 1611, Maino had moved to Toledo and was working for the cathedral, restoring a fresco in the cloister. A commission for an original work - now unfortunately lost - soon followed. A year later, Maino was hired by the Dominican priory of San Pedro Martyr to paint the main altarpiece of the church and the frescoes inside the entrance portal, under the choir. The altarpiece decoration consists of four large paintings - the Adoration of the Shepherds (Madrid, Prado), the Adoration of the Magi (Madrid, Prado), the Resurrection (Villanueva y Geltru, Museo Balaguer), and the Pentecost (Madrid, Prado) - and four small landscapes with saints, together with half-length portraits of Saint Catherine of Siena and Saint Dominic (perhaps a self-portrait).

Maino's artistic career virtually came to an end on 20 June 1613, when he professed as a Dominican in the priory of San Pedro Martyr at Toledo. A few years later, he moved to Madrid and was appointed the drawing master of Prince Philip, the future Philip IV. Maino seldom picked up his brushes from 1613 to the day he died in the Colegio of San Tómás in Madrid on 1 February 1649.

Sources: Gallery of Art and Wikipedia.


'Adoration of the Magi', 1612,oil on canvas, 315 x 174 cm. by  Juan Bautista Maino, O.P. (ca.1568-01.02.1649), painter at the Spanish court of Felipe III and Felipe IV in Madrid.
It is a painting of the main altarpiece in the Dominican church of Saint Peter Martyr in Toledo, now preserved in the Museo del Prado, Madrid.  

Spain 1969, Mi 1837, Sc 1590. Maximum card.
The same painting:
Antigua and Barbuda 2000, Mi 3349, d, e, f,; Sc 2409, d, e, f.
Equatorial Guinea 1973, Mi 304, Sc -. Benin 1996, Mi 797, Sc 841. Burundi 1968, Mi 465, 479, Bl 31, 40; Sc C96. Grenada 1992, Mi 2479, Sc 2120. Paraguay 1971, Mi 2130, Sc 1318 d.  



Apollo 8, launched on December 21, 1968, after an initial Earth orbit was injected into a translunar trajectory, inserted into lunar orbit for 10 orbits, and then returned safely to earth.

Live television broadcasts were made during the mission. Stamp 'Adoration of the Magi'  by Juan Bautista Maino, O.P. See above. Burundi 1969, Mi 479, Sc C96. Stamp 465 whit overprint 'vol de Noël Apollo 8'.


Painting 'The adoration of the shepherds' (1612) by Juan Bautista Maino, O.P. (c. 1568- 1.2.1649), a panel, oil on canvas, 315 x 175 cm, of the main altarpiece in the church of the Dominican priory of Saint Peter Martyr in Toledo.

Preserved in Museo del Prado, Madrid. Venezuela 1974, Mi 1999-2000, Sc 1098-1099. The same painting: Burundi 1967, Mi 382, Bl 24; Sc 322. Spain 1965, Mi 1585, Sc 1330. Uruguay 1990, Mi 1883-84.


  'The adoration of the shepherds', oil on canvas,145 x 102 cm. by Maino for the church of San Bartolomé de Sonsoles in Toledo.

It is preserved in the Hermitage of St. Petersburg, Russia.  

Paraguay 1976, Mi 2751, Sc C432. The same painting: Cook Islands 1975, Mi 472, 477, Bl.47, 51; Sc 440.  



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